Bharatiya Psychology– the basis of Educational Training
Bharatiya Psychology- the basis of Educational Training Psychological needs of the child should form the very basis of educational Training. Even after fifty years of independence the prevalent system of education in India has its roots in Western way of fulfillment of life, But according of Hindu Philosophy, the all-round development of the personality of the child is not possible without spiritual development. The Western philosophy based on the concepts of Darvin & Trevd can’t impart fullness to life. That is why Vidya Bharati has laid maximum emphasis upon Bharatiya psychology and made it the very basis of her system of education baptized as ‘Saraswati Panchapadiya Shiksha Vidhi’ These five steps are : 1. Adhiti, 2. Bodh, 3. Abhiyas, 4. Prayog, 5. Prasar-swadhyay and Pravachan and the philosophy of all round development of child is based on unfoldmans of five koshas i.e. Annamaya Kosha, Pranmaya Kosha, Manomaya Kosha, Jyannamaya Kosha & Ananamaya Kosha as envisaged in our upanishidie philosophy. This philosophy has gained public esteem & appraisal in form of ‘Saraswati Shishu Mandir’ education system at primary stage and Vidya Mandir system of education at secondary & senior secondary level, education system at pre-primary stage
Philosophical thoughts :
The ultimate reality of this universe is God by whatever other names it may be called. God is eternal, omnipresent, omnipotent and omniscient. God cannot be seen but can very well be realized. We should have faith in the greatness of God and seek his grace.
• Nature is bountiful and benevolent. Man has to be respectful and grateful to nature. There is a balance of various elements in the environment of nature. It is in the interest of man to utilize the natural resources in such a way that this balance is not significantly disturbed.
• Man is not body alone. Apart from the physical levels, man has four other levels of existence known as Koshas. In modern terminology, they may be called five systems namely the body system, the energy system, the desire system, the thought system and the self system. It is the primary duty of man that he sincerely tries towards optimum and balanced development of all his five systems or koshas.
• Man should exercise moderation in daily life and should exercise control on his five organs of knowledge and five organs of action through the practice of Yoga. This will also ensure control on mind and sharpening of intellect resulting in optimum and balanced development of all aspects of his personality.
• Performance of one’s socially prescribed duties without pride or prejudice; attachment or revulsion but with intelligence and dedication is the highest Dharma of an individual. What these duties are is to be determined by the state, the society and the individual himself.
• The divinity in man must be accepted and respected by the State and the society and they should ensure his autonomy in personal matters subject to the performance of socially prescribed duties by him.
• The life style and life activities of an individual should be inspired by a sincere desire to help and serve others.
• An individual must respect and obey the State which provides him peace and security of life and man should fulfill his obligations towards the society.